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MJardin Group Announces Merger with GrowForce

November 15, 2018

DENVER & TORONTO–MJardin Group, Inc. (“MJardin” or the “Company”) (CSE: MJAR), a leader in cannabis management, today announced a binding letter of intent (the “LOI”) to acquire GrowForce Holdings Inc. (“GrowForce”), a vertically integrated international cannabis platform headquartered in Toronto. Under the terms of the LOI, MJardin would acquire 100% of the outstanding shares of GrowForce in an all share transaction, representing equity consideration to GrowForce shareholders of approximately C$278 million (the “Proposed Acquisition”).

“The combination of MJardin and GrowForce provides the foundation to create a preeminent global cannabis management platform with what we believe is unparalleled experience in cannabis cultivation, processing, distribution and retail”

MJardin is scheduled to commence trading today on the Canadian Securities Exchange (the “CSE”) under the ticker symbol “MJAR.”

The LOI provides that GrowForce shareholders will be entitled to receive 0.375 MJardin common shares for each GrowForce common share held (the “Exchange Ratio”). Based on MJardin’s common share price of $12.00 per share pursuant to the Company’s October subscription receipt financing, the implied consideration to GrowForce shareholders is $4.50 per share. Assuming closing of the Proposed Acquisition and the receipt of all necessary approvals, the combined company is anticipated to have a pro forma cash balance of approximately C$65M.

“The combination of MJardin and GrowForce provides the foundation to create a preeminent global cannabis management platform with what we believe is unparalleled experience in cannabis cultivation, processing, distribution and retail,” said Rishi Gautam, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer of MJardin Group. “We are excited to bring both companies together under one comprehensive platform as we enter the public markets, further invest in our business and execute on our growth strategy. We believe that MJardin is well-capitalized and uniquely positioned to pursue strategic expansion and M&A opportunities across legal cannabis markets in the U.S., Canada and other international markets.”

Upon closing of the merger, MJardin will have 49 facilities operating or under development across North America, cultivating approximately 87,000 kg of finished product per annum and managing 23 cultivation facilities, two outdoor grows, five extraction facilities and 19 retail dispensaries across four U.S. states and four Canadian provinces. GrowForce’s facilities outside of the U.S. will continue to deploy MJardin’s cannabis management system as part of the combined company’s service offerings.

Combined Management Team

The Company’s new executive leadership will be led by a combined team of proven industry veterans from both MJardin and GrowForce:

  • Rishi Gautam, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer
  • Chris Seto, Chief Financial Officer
  • Frank Knuettel II, Chief Strategy Officer
  • Jorge Boone, Chief Operating Officer
  • Max Nardulli, President, International Operations
  • Jeannette Harkin, SVP, Chief of Staff
  • John F. Kennedy, SVP, Marketing and Innovation

Proposed Acquisition Highlights

  • Secures attractive premium for GrowForce shareholders: The Proposed Acquisition implies a 41% premium to GrowForce Shareholders to the subscription receipt round closed by GrowForce in July of this year.
  • GrowForce and MJardin shareholders will participate in a local platform that is deployed globally: This unique platform will allow brands and innovative products to be created and curated in any geography and sold and deployed on a multi-national level.
  • Additional management strength: GrowForce has built a best-in-class management team in areas such as project management, patient advocacy, consumer marketing, software development and M&A. These strengths will be all additive to the already strong MJardin operations team.
  • MJardin shareholders will benefit with a geographic expansion: The combined company will create a platform to enable North American growth, as well as well as opportunities for international expansion in Europe, Africa and Latin America.
  • Significant operational expertise and experience: The combined company will benefit from the years of experience managing over 500,000 square feet of MJardin cultivation facilities along with producing over 100,000 kilograms of cannabis.
  • Increased scale, enhanced liquidity and capital markets profile: Both GrowForce and MJardin shareholders will benefit from a significantly expanded market capitalization – approximately C$850 million based on recent MJardin share price, enhanced liquidity with this increased scale, which should lead to a lower cost of capital.
  • Strong access to capital: Management expects that the combined entity will benefit from strong access to capital, both from the equity markets in Canada and private debt markets. Through its strategic partnership with Bridging Finance Inc., one of Canada’s leading alternative credit investment management firms the Company will have the unique ability to access to non-dilutive growth capital for continued infrastructure investments and consolidation of operational cannabis assets.

“We are very supportive of this strategic transaction and believe it will create additional synergies and opportunities for MJardin in Canada and internationally,” said David Sharpe, Chief Executive Officer of Bridging Finance. “Our strategic partnership with MJardin includes new economic development opportunities including opportunities to invest in cannabis-related job and wealth creation for First Nations communities across Canada.”

MJardin’s comprehensive cannabis management platform includes proprietary software and staff training systems designed to optimize and de-risk commercial cannabis operations for cultivation, processing and retail facilities. The Company has a proven track record of operational excellence in 13 U.S. states and more recently in Canada and Australia, having designed and planned more than 100 legal cannabis facilities since inception with 30+ licensed facilities currently under management.

The completion of the Proposed Acquisition is subject to a number of conditions, including receipt of applicable shareholder, regulatory and stock exchange approvals, as well as certain other conditions customary in transactions of this nature.

Advisors and Counsel

Canaccord Genuity Corp. is acting as the financial advisor to MJardin. Stikeman Elliott LLP is acting as legal counsel to MJardin.

KES 7 Capital Inc. and Cormark Securities are acting as the financial advisors to the board of directors of GrowForce, who also received an independent fairness opinion from GMP Securities. WeirFoulds LLP is acting as legal counsel to GrowForce.

About MJardin Group

MJardin Group is a highly specialized global cannabis management platform that develops partnerships with licensed operators. MJardin provides its partners turnkey cannabis cultivation, processing and retail solutions, including licensure support, facility design, systems implementation, facility ramp-up and the day-to-day operational management required in a large-scale, professionally managed cannabis facility. MJardin is headquartered in Denver, Colorado with an additional office in Toronto, Ontario. For more information, please visit

About GrowForce Holdings

GrowForce is a geographically diversified and vertically integrated cannabis platform operating within Health Canada’s Cannabis Act (formerly known as the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations). GrowForce owns a majority interest in flagship cannabis facilities with strategic partnerships for turnkey operations, proprietary software and training, and project financing. GrowForce’s flagship facilities are operated by MJardin Group, North America’s largest turnkey operator of legal cannabis facilities, and financed by Bridging Finance Inc., Canada’s leading provider of private credit. For more information, please visit


The North West Company Inc. Third Quarter Results and Conference Call

Winnipeg, Manitoba (November 14, 2018) (TSX Symbol: NWC): The North West Company Inc. (“North West”) will host a conference call for its third quarter results on December 11, 2018 at 1:30 p.m. (Central Time). To access the call, please dial 647-484-0473 or 800-289-0459 with a passcode of 836373. The conference call will be archived and can be accessed on or before January 11, 2019 by dialing 905-694-9451 or 800-408-3053 with a passcode of 3004686.

Corporate Profile

The North West Company Inc., through its subsidiaries, is a leading retailer of food and everyday products and services to rural communities and urban neighbourhoods in Canada, Alaska, the South Pacific and the Caribbean. North West operates 240 stores under the trading names Northern, NorthMart, Giant Tiger, Alaska Commercial Company, Cost -U-Less and RiteWay Food Markets and has annualized sales of approximately CAD$1.8 billion.

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For further information, please contact: Amanda E. Sutton, Vice President, Legal and Corporate Secretary of The North West Company Inc. at (204) 934-1756, email

Visit us on-line at


Fifth Rapid Access to Addictions Medicine Clinic Opens in Selkirk

Clinics Offer Front-line Help For Manitobans: Friesen

SELKIRK—Manitoba’s fifth Rapid Access to Addictions Medicine (RAAM) clinic has opened, providing an option for residents of the Interlake-Eastern region seeking help from addictions, Health, Seniors and Active Living Minister Cameron Friesen announced here today.

“In just over two months, RAAM clinics have proven to be successful in helping Manitobans seek treatment for addictions or substance-related concerns such as opioids, methamphetamine and alcohol,” said Friesen.  “Where it once took weeks or even months for individuals to get the help they seek, these clinics accelerate the process, helping them more easily navigate the health system and move them between addiction medicine specialists, primary care providers and community supports.”

The Selkirk RAAM clinic is in the Interlake-Eastern Regional Health Authority’s (IERHA) community health office at 237 Manitoba Ave.  The clinic provides assessment, counselling, the prescribing of appropriate medication and connections for adult patients to community treatment programs and primary care physicians.  No appointments or referrals are necessary to access services provided at the clinic, which will typically be staffed by an addictions physician and a combination of nurses, counsellors and outreach workers.

“Our RAAM clinic lets anyone struggling with an addiction know that they are not alone and that help is available to beat addiction.  We welcome anyone who wants to talk with health-care professionals who understand addiction.  We’ll use the next few months to better understand people’s needs and align clinic services with the care required,” said Ron Van Denakker, CEO of the IERHA.

Since Aug. 31, when the first RAAM clinic opened at Winnipeg’s Crisis Response Centre, more than 340 patients have accessed RAAM services.  Subsequent clinic locations have since opened at the Addictions Foundation of Manitoba’s River Point Centre location in Point Douglas, as well as in Brandon and Thompson.

“We are excited to be a part of the RAAM clinics that are helping Manitobans in need get quick and easy access to addictions treatment,” said Ben Fry, CEO of the Addictions Foundation of Manitoba.  “When someone is struggling with substance use, having access to treatment quickly and close to home, it makes it much more likely they will be successful in their recovery.”

In addition to working directly with patients, RAAM clinical teams support primary care providers including mentoring, reassessment and referral of patients.  Clinical teams collaborate with regulatory bodies to ensure appropriate education tools and ongoing support are provided to health-care professionals.

The Manitoba government has provided $1.237 million for the creation of the clinics, highlighted as a successful model during extensive public and stakeholder consultations through the development of the Virgo report, which outlined a mental health and addictions strategy for Manitoba.

Information on RAAM clinics is available at the Manitoba Addictions helpline at 1-855-662-6605 (toll-free) or

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For more information:

  • Public information, contact Manitoba Government Inquiry: 1-866-626-4862 or 204-945-3744.
  • Media requests for general information, contact Communications Services Manitoba: 204-945-3765.
  • Media requests for ministerial comment, contact Communications and Stakeholder Relations: 204-945-4916.


Infinity Women Secretariat Announces Prosperity Through Innovation

November 14, 2018
3-year project will support Métis women’s access to employment in Manitoba

Winnipeg, MB – Infinity Women Secretariat has announced funding through Status of Women Canada for a three-year project that will improve access to employment for Métis mothers and caregivers across Manitoba. The announcement was made as part of an event hosted by Infinity Women Secretariat, an affiliate of the Manitoba Metis Federation.

After an opening prayer by Linda St. Cyr-Saric and opening comments from Winnipeg Centre Member of Parliament Robert-Falcon Ouellette, Winnipeg South Member of Parliament and Parliamentary Secretary for Status of Women Canada Terry Duguid announced the funding on behalf of Status of Women Canada. Through the Prosperity Through Innovation: Métis Women in Manitoba project, Infinity Women Secretariat will receive $283,800 over three years for increasing access to individualized, relevant programs and services including child care, job matching and skills coaching that will support Métis Women in Manitoba to achieve their goals. The project will realize these aims through partnerships and collaboration with employment and service providers including the MMF – Metis Employment and Training and the Louis Riel Institute.

“We know barriers exist for Métis women in Manitoba, including a lack of accessible child care programs and early learning opportunities,” said Duguid. “This 36-month project will address barriers faced by Métis women as they enter, re-enter or remain in the workforce.”

“We are very excited about this announcement as our project will help Métis women with their life and career paths, and towards achieving their holistic life goals,” said Campbell. “We welcome and appreciate the Government of Canada’s support for this project, which will help address barriers to economic security faced by Métis mothers and caregivers across Manitoba.”

Infinity Women Secretariat was incorporated on April 23, 2013 with a main objective to promote, empower and enhance the social, cultural and economic well-being of Métis women in Manitoba.

Status of Women Canada is a federal government organization that promotes equality for women and their full participation in the economic, social and democratic life of Canada. For more information, visit


Believe in Yourself; Believe in Métis.

The Manitoba Metis Federation (MMF) is the official democratic and self-governing political representative for the Métis Nation’s Manitoba Métis Community. The Manitoba Métis are Canada’s Negotiating Partner in Confederation and the Founders of the Province of Manitoba.

For media information, please contact:
Barney Morin, Communications Coordinator
Manitoba Metis Federation
Office: 204-586-8474 x277
Cell: 204-391-0717


Winnipeg Aboriginal Film Festival 2K18 – Now Accepting Submissions

November 28th – December 2nd

Welcome to the 17th Annual Winnipeg Aboriginal Film Festival, celebrating the best Indigenous Cinema from Canada and around the world! We have an exciting line up of films, special guest speakers and events planned this year, so we hope to see you all & Welcome you to the 2018 WAFF Festival.

Is Now Accepting Film Submissions, please click here to use our online submission form and we’ll contact you accordingly. Thank you!



New federal investment to strengthen the economic security and prosperity of Indigenous women in Manitoba

November 14, 2018 – Winnipeg, Manitoba – Status of Women Canada

Indigenous women hold important places as leaders in their families and communities, as givers and caretakers of life, as peacemakers, peacekeepers, and protectors. By creating the conditions for Indigenous women to succeed, we are also supporting their families and communities, which will help improve their economic well-being and strengthen Canada’s economy.

Terry Duguid, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Status of Women and Member of Parliament for Winnipeg South, and Robert-Falcon Ouellette, Member of Parliament for Winnipeg Centre, today announced on behalf of the Honourable Maryam Monsef, Minister of Status of Women, Government of Canada funding for a project that will help advance Indigenous women’s economic security and prosperity in Manitoba.

Barriers for Métis women in Manitoba exist, and include a lack of accessible childcare programs and early learning opportunities. The Infinity Women Secretariat Inc. (IWS) of Manitoba is receiving $283,800 for Prosperity through Innovation: Métis Women in Manitoba, a 36-month project that will address these and other barriers to economic security faced by Métis mothers and caregivers as they enter, re-enter or remain in the workforce.

Métis women will be at the centre of all project activities. Their lived experiences will guide and inform the project in assessing needs and in shaping the creation of individualized pathways to prosperity plans for participants.. The IWS will partner with the Manitoba Métis Federation’s Métis Employment and Training Department, as well as with the Louis Riel Institute. Together with an external network of partners, the IWS will work to establish new relationships with the private sector to encourage a larger network of employers committed to inclusion in the workplace.

This project is one of 15 that are receiving funding through the call for proposals Addressing the Economic Security and Prosperity of Indigenous Women which was launched last fall. Other projects related to this call for proposals will be announced in the coming months.


“When we invest in women, we strengthen the economy and our communities for everyone. By funding organizations like the Infinity Women Secretariat Inc. that address the very real barriers that Indigenous women face, we are ensuring that all women have an equal and fair chance at success. It’s not just the right thing to do, but the smart thing to do. Indigenous women have the talent, leadership and ingenuity to inspire positive change and that is why the Government of Canada is proud to support projects like this.”

The Honourable Maryam Monsef, P.C., M.P.
Minister of Status of Women

“I am pleased to announce an investment for an important project that will lead to greater economic security and prosperity for Métis women in Manitoba. This project will create strong partnerships which will help remove barriers and ensure greater success for Métis women in the workforce.”

Terry Duguid
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister Status of Women
Member of Parliament for Winnipeg South

“We need to ensure an inclusive workforce where strong Indigenous mothers can access childcare so they are able to work and support their families and children.”

Robert-Falcon Ouellette
Member of Parliament for Winnipeg Centre

“We welcome the Government of Canada’s support for this project which will help address barriers to economic security faced by Métis mothers/caregivers across Manitoba, as well as undertake research and engagement activities. This important partnership will allow our organization to establish new relationships with the private sector to encourage a larger network of employers to ensure greater inclusion for Métis women in the workplace.”

Anita Campbell, Spokeswoman
Infinity Women Secretariat Inc.

Quick facts

  • McKinsey Global Institute estimates that by taking steps to advance equality for all women—such as employing more women in technology and boosting women’s participation in the workforce—Canada could add $150 billion to its economy by 2026.
  • The Indigenous population is growing at four times the rate of non-Indigenous Canadians and represents an enormous pool of talent. As part of this cohort, Indigenous women play a vital role in our economy and have outstanding potential for growth.
  • The 2016 Census indicated that there were 860,265 Indigenous women and girls in Canada. These women were more likely than Indigenous men to have a university degree. They were also the majority owners of more than one quarter of all Indigenous SMEs in Canada according to the 2014 Survey on Financing and Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises.
  • Projects are being funded through the call for proposals, Addressing the Economic Security and Prosperity of Indigenous Women, which was announced in October 2017.
  • As many Indigenous women are raising families while going to school, better access to child care and subsidized housing would help support them and their families.
  • Economic security and prosperity is composed of basic social security, defined by access to basic needs such as health, education and housing on a long-term basis.
  • The Women’s Program at Status of Women Canada supports eligible organizations to carry out projects to advance equality by addressing systemic barriers.
  • The Government of Canada is committed to advancing reconciliation with Inuit, First Nations, and the Métis Nation. The focus is on building a renewed relationship with Indigenous Peoples, one based on the recognition of rights, respect, co-operation, and partnership.

Related products

Associated links


Braeson Holland
Press Secretary
Office of the Minister of Status of Women

Valérie Haché
Communications Officer
Status of Women Canada


On World Diabetes Day, the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs encourages families to practice their First Nations cultures

Treaty One Territory, MB – The Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs acknowledges November 14 as World Diabetes Day. The theme for this year is “The Family & Diabetes.”

“The prevalence of diabetes in First Nations is one of the most pressing health issues in our communities today,” said Grand Chief Arlen Dumas. “On World Diabetes Day, I encourage First Nations families to continue to practice their cultures and traditional dietary practices.”

“Our people have always known what we need to be healthy,” stated Grand Chief Dumas. “Our cultural practices include growing and harvesting our own food, gathering berries, hunting, fishing, and being physically active every day. I want to encourage parents and grandparents to continue to role model and connect their children and grandchildren to healthy ways of living in an effort to reduce the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in our First Nations.”

Today the First Nations Health and Social Secretariat of Manitoba also marks World Diabetes Day by hosting presentations and demonstrations to encourage a dialogue on the topic of diabetes. The Secretariat invites First Nations citizens and those who work with the Indigenous community to attend a World Diabetes Day event from 10:30am to 12 noon on the 17th floor at 275 Portage Avenue in Winnipeg.

Attendees will hear see demonstrations and hear about the Secretariat’s regional Foot Care Program and its Diabetes Integration Project. They will also hear from Wendy McNabb Fontaine, a Board member at the National Aboriginal Diabetes Association; Byron Beardy, the regional food security coordinator for Four Arrows Regional Health Authority; and Dr. Allison Dart, pediatric nephrologist at the Diabetes Education Centre for Children and Adolescence.


Apply for the 2018 TIFF-CBC Films Screenwriter Award by December 5

Applications are now open for the TIFF-CBC Films Screenwriter Award which provides $15K to a Canadian writer of an outstanding feature film screenplay, supporting them to develop their project.

The award is open to experienced screenwriters who are female, or who are Indigenous, or who belong to a visible minority, or who identify with a disability.

Applicants must have a writer or director credit on a feature film that has been presented at one of this award’s recognized festivals.

The award aims to fund the development of high-quality productions that reflect, represent and reframe diverse perspectives through character-driven stories at the center of the Canadian experience.

Find out more and apply for the TIFF-CBC Films Screenwriter Award by December 5, 2018.


Bridging the ‘genomic divide’: Lack of Indigenous DNA data a challenge for researchers – CBC

Ownership of DNA samples a concern for Indigenous peoples

Nov 14, 2018

A prominent U.S. senator turned to genetic testing last month to try to prove her claim that she had Indigenous ancestry.

But in assessing Elizabeth Warren’s DNA, the geneticists were forced to use samples from Mexico, Peru and Colombia because there were no samples from American Indigenous peoples in the reference databases.

Because the data is missing, Indigenous geneticists Krystal Tsosie of Vanderbilt University and Matthew Anderson of Ohio State University argue that Warren’s test results, which showed Native American ancestry six to 10 generations ago, are a reach.

Many more researchers have joined the discussion regarding Warren’s DNA test results, weighing in on the problems inherent in using genetic databases to unearth Indigenous ancestry.

Read More:

Azincourt Energy Samples High-Grade Lithium Oxide (Li2O) at the Lithium One Project, Southeast Manitoba

  • Assays up to 4.1% Li2O received from the Silverleaf Pegmatite
  • Additional high-grade samples return 3.04%, 3.37% and 3.90% Li2O
  • High purity spodumene blade sample from Silverleaf assays 8.76% Li2O
  • Samples also return up to 6.1% Rb2O (Rubidium Oxide)

Vancouver B.C., November 13, 2018 – AZINCOURT ENERGY CORP. (“Azincourt” or the “Company”) (TSX.V: AAZ, OTC: AZURF), in conjunction with its JV partner, New Age Metals (TSX.V: NAM), is pleased to announce exploration results from the Lithium One Project, located 125 kilometers northeast of Winnipeg, Manitoba, as part of the Winnipeg River Pegmatite Field.

Crews have been active at Lithium One throughout late summer and into the fall executing a comprehensive ground reconnaissance program (detailed mapping and sampling) designed to help prioritize targets for upcoming drill programs.  Sampling at Lithium One has generated significant results, with several returning high-grade lithium oxide (“Li2O”).  Nine samples exceeded 2% Li2O, five samples exceeded 3% Li2O and two samples exceeded 4% Li2O.  See table below:

Silverleaf Pegmatite – Lithium One Project – 2018 Assay Results

Sample # UTM E UTM N Type Li2O % Cs2O Rb2O Ta2O5
172176 332224 5580074 Assay 2.56 0.14 5.07 0.01
172177 332224 5580074 Assay 0.06 0.05 1.13 0.00
172178 332224 5580074 Assay 2.63 0.17 5.26 0.01
172179 332173 5580096 Assay 2.71 0.02 0.13 0.01
172181 332172 5580093 Assay 1.81 0.05 0.63 0.00
172182 332169 5580091 Assay 4.09 0.00 0.03 0.00
172183 332169 5580091 Assay 3.90 0.00 0.03 0.00
172184 332169 5580091 Fractionation 0.04 0.00 0.01 0.00
172185 332187 5580090 Fractionation 8.76 0.01 0.05 0.01
172186 332183 5580090 Assay 3.04 0.18 5.56 0.02
172187 332214 5580082 Assay 2.54 0.15 5.54 0.01
172188 332228 5580090 Assay 3.37 0.14 6.11 0.01

Table 1: Silverleaf Pegmatite – 2018 Sample Assay Results (see Figure 3 for sample locations)

Samples were obtained from the surface exposure of the Silverleaf Pegmatite. Samples include grab and channel samples with the dominant geological unit exposed on surface being the Spodumene-Lepidolite Zone.  Sample locations are referenced in accompanying Figure 3. The Annie and other pegmatites from the Lithium One Project have also been sampled and assay results are currently pending.

“These are excellent results at Lithium One, the numbers are significant,” said president & CEO, Alex Klenman.  “These high-grade samples, combined with our earlier results at the Lithium Two Project, have provided important data that is not only extremely beneficial in the identification of priority drill targets, but they also greatly enhance our understanding of the project potential. With each round of results the viability of the projects become more compelling.  We are excited to progress to drill stage and begin to unlock that potential,” continued Mr. Klenman.

Drill permits have been applied for on the Lithium Two and Lithium One Projects and the company is awaiting approval from the province.  Drilling will commence once the permits are approved.

High Purity Spodumene

In an effort to determine the purity of the spodumene, a sample of spodumene blade (sample # 172815) was extracted from the Silverleaf Pegmatite and sent for analysis. This sample yielded an assay value of 8.76% Li2O.  A review of spodumene mineral data indicates that spodumene crystal can contain Li2O content from 3.73% to 8.03% Li2O.  This would suggest that the spodumene crystals present in the Silverleaf Pegmatite are of a very high lithium content.

Rubidium Oxide

In addition to the high-grade lithium oxide (Li2O) results, several samples also returned significant amounts of rubidium oxide (Rb2O).  Rubidium oxide is a highly insoluble thermally stable rubidium source suitable for glass, optic and ceramic applications.  It is recovered commercially from lepidolite as a by-product of lithium extraction. Rubidium’s principle application is in specialty glasses used in fiber optic telecommunications systems, in addition to night-vision devices, photoelectric cells and photomultiplier tubes.

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